Qualcomm has reached out to both Samsung Foundry and TSMC to deliver 2nm chips built on a 2nm node. This marks an important step towards the next-gen Snapdragon 8 Gen 5 SoC in 2025, which will be based on a 2nm node. The chip designer will assess the prototype, its yield rate, and performance before raising orders for chipsets. A report suggests Qualcomm could opt for a dual-sourcing strategy, meaning both TSMC and Samsung will deliver 2nm chips to Qualcomm.
Qualcomm Prototype to Deliver 2nm Chips in 2025
As per ETNews, Qualcomm reached out to Samsung Foundry back in 2021 for its line of Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 SoC. However, the chip manufacturer reported a poor yield of 35%, which is half of what the current industry norms stand at. Qualcomm had to redesign the AP and launch it as an improved Snapdragon 8+ Gen 1 SoC fabbed by Taiwan-based TSMC. Since then, TSMC has been picking up the orders. However, things might change once the new node prototype is ready.
Both Samsung and TSMC have been asked to deliver the Multi-Wafer Project (MWP) on a 2nm process. MWP is a wafer that has multiple chips (probably using different technologies and makeups) so that Qualcomm can analyse the chips. The prototyping stage usually takes six months to a year, which means Qualcomm should be able to finalise whether to move forward with Samsung TSMC or both by the end of this year.
For the unknown, the 2nm node is the next-gen process. We are currently at 4nm (Snapdragon 8 Gen 3) and would move to 3nm with the Snapdragon 8 Gen 4 SoC. A lower process node means more transistors can be fitted on a single chip, which equals better performance and power efficiency.
Both TSMC and Samsung Foundry have planned mass production of 2nm chips in 2025, meaning we should see the first lineup of flagship phones with a 2nm SoC by the end of 2025 if we are not being too optimistic. There’s a possibility that Qualcomm could move forward with a dual-sourcing strategy, although that remains to be seen.
The Future of Mobile Application Processors
Earlier, Samsung Foundry expressed its roadmap for chips and technologies. Accordingly, the chipmaking giant will introduce 2nm chips in 2025, followed by even better 1.4nm chips by 2027.
According to TSMC, the chip manufacturer has similar plans for 2025 with its first-ever 2nm chips. Using the GAA (Gates-All-Around) process to reduce current leakages. Moving on, the Taiwanese company will enter mass production for 1.4nm chips sometime in 2027-2028, as the dates weren’t announced at the time of writing this.
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